MTH HO 80-2378-1 R-22 4-Car Subway Set, Metropolitan Transportation Authority (South Bound) (Proto Sound 3)

MTH-80-2378-1

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MTH HO 80-2378-1 R-22 4-Car Subway Set, Metropolitan Transportation Authority (South Bound) (Proto Sound 3)
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Description

On June 1, 1940, the City of New York acquired the two subway systems it didn't already own - the IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit Co.) and the BMT (Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corp.) - and consolidated them with the city-owned IND (Independent Subway System). It was readily apparent that the city's fleet of aging subway cars was desperately in need of replacement, and immediately after World War II, management began to develop a new car that would be standard throughout the system and incorporate the latest advances in subway design. This effort was complicated by the fact that portions of the IRT had tighter clearances than the IND and BMT, so all future designs would incorporate a shorter, narrower IRT version.

Beginning with contract R-10, and IRT-sized contract R-12 delivered in 1948, the new cars featured welded steel bodies, fluorescent lighting that made them considerably brighter than prewar cars, and seating made of foam rubber covered with velon, a new plastic material that replaced the rattan seating of older cars. A major improvement was a new type of brake system known as Straight Air Motor Car Electric-Pneumatic Emergency (SMEE), which combined ordinary air brakes with dynamic braking, in which a car's electric motors, by having their polarities reversed, were converted to generators in order to slow the car. This significantly reduced brake shoe wear and maintenance costs. Beginning with the R-12, the postwar IRT cars were known as the SMEE fleet.

The 400 cars built under contract R-17 were part of the 1950s expansion of the SMEE fleet, which also included the similar-looking R-15, R-21 and R-22 cars. As was normal practice at the time, the 400 R-17 cars delivered by St. Louis Car Co. in 1955-1956 were evenly split between General Electric and Westinghouse electrical gear, with each company equipping half the cars. The R-17s could be operated independently or with any other SMEE cars, and various SMEE types were often intermixed in trains. Ten of the R-17s were delivered with factory-installed air conditioning. The experiment proved unsuccessful, however, and the AC was later removed. Also removed were the comfortable velon seats, which proved an easy mark for vandals and were replaced by hard fiberglass benches.

Delivered in a maroon paint scheme, the R-17s were repainted in the MTA's new blue and silver colors in the 1970s. A less-than-successful white scheme, intended to discourage taggers, followed in the 1980s. And just a few years before their retirement in 1988, 16 cars were painted in the "fox red" used on the Redbird cars, although the R-17s were never officially part of the Redbird fleet.

Car Number:
7581, 7662, 7701, 7540
Set Features:
4-Car Consist with (1) Powered Car, (3) Non-Powered Cars

Powered Car Features:
Intricately Detailed ABS Body
Metal Chassis
Detailed Car Undercarriage
Authentic Paint Scheme
Metal Wheels and Axles
RP25 Metal Wheels
(2) #158 Scale Kadee Whisker Couplers
Prototypical Rule 17 Lighting
Directionally Controlled Constant Voltage LED Headlight
Powerful 5-Pole Precision Flywheel Equipped Skew-Wound Balanced Motor
Onboard DCC Receiver
Locomotive Speed Control In Scale MPH Increments
Operates On Code 70, 83 and 100 Track
1:87 Scale Proportions
Equipped With Proto-Sound 3.0 Featuring Station Stop Proto-Effects

Non-Powered Car Features:
Durable ABS Intricately Detailed Bodies
Metal Wheels and Axles
RP25 Metal Wheels
Detailed 4-Wheel Trucks
Overhead Constant Voltage LED Interior Lighting
(2) #158 Scale Kadee Whisker Couplers
Authentic Paint Scheme
Detailed Car Interiors
Metal Chassis
Detailed Car Undercarriage
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